Seasons of Migration From the South
Hosted by Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
The various conflicts raging in the Middle East, and particularly in Syria, have created a refugee crisis of unprecedented scale. Indeed, Arab countries today are host to almost half of the world’s refugees and internally displaced individuals. Beyond the significant humanitarian aspects of the crisis, these population movements signal a historic turning point for Arab countries. They are dramatically altering the political, economic, social, demographic, and cultural trajectories of countries in the region, and in Europe. This crisis is also generating a massive new underclass of impoverished citizens, jeopardizing the future of generations, and placing many at the risk of radicalization.
Carnegie is hosting a conference to examine the political and socioeconomic repercussions of the refugee crisis in Arab countries and beyond. Over two days, panels of local and international experts will discuss the various challenges and assess possible political, humanitarian, developmental, technological, and social solutions, both in the areas affected by conflict and in host communities.
March 22, 2016
9:30–10:00 a.m. – Welcoming Remarks
10:00–11:30 a.m. – Panel I | Reconstituting States and Societies: The Politics of the Refugee Crisis
Nine Arab countries are witnessing violent conflicts generating almost half of the world’s displaced and refugees. Meanwhile, war in Syria has transformed the country into an epicenter for the largest refugee crisis in recent history. The scale and nature of these migrations are radically transforming the region at multiple levels. Speakers will consider the political implications of the refugee crisis and explore its impact on state systems, social orders, economic prospects and comment on the prospects of future trajectories.
11:30 a.m.–12:00 p.m. – Coffee Break
12:00–1:30 p.m. – PANEL II | A Push to the Fringe: Expanding a Regional Underclass
Conflict driven population movements are generating extensive socio-economic turmoil not least of which is the dramatic impoverishment of large numbers of citizens, particularly in urban areas. Speakers in this panel will reflect on the challenges facing millions of internally displaced populations as well as the needs of refugees and host communities in terms of education, training, health care and employment. They will also consider the impact of the refugee crisis on social solidarity and assess policies that can mitigate the alarming expansion in the depth and scope of informality and inequality and options for host countries to turn the sudden influx of populations from a burden to an opportunity.
1:30–2:30 p.m. –Lunch Break
2:00–4:00 p.m. – PANEL III | Voices From the Field
Municipalities, local governance councils and national civil society organizations are often the first responders to the needs of migrating populations in duress. They are also at the front lines of engaging with the challenges facing refugees and host communities. Participants in this panel will report on their views from the field with regards to the needs of distressed refugees and host communities and consider the specific actions critical to address them.
4:00–4:30 p.m. – Coffee Break
4:30–6:00 p.m. – Panel IV | What Next After London
The London conference promised $11 billion to countries that have taken in the largest number of refugees in the region, namely Turkey, Jordan and Lebanon. While government strategies and white policy papers have been presented by respective governments, the modalities of receiving this funding and implementing projects remains in question. Speakers in this panel will discuss plans for addressing the refugee crisis after London and respond to the question of what needs to be done differently. It will also consider the mechanisms needed to enhance innovative public-private partnerships and business-government collaboration in dealing with the fall out of this crisis.
March 23, 2016
9:00–10:30 a.m. – Panel V | Innovators and Entrepreneurs
With over 60 million people displaced from their homes across the globe, and an expanding wave of refugee and migration patterns, governments and international agencies have been under considerable duress unable to respond to overwhelming needs. At the same time, entrepreneurs and the private sector have stepped in to try and address some of the ramifications of this crisis. Speakers in this panel will consider different roles that innovators and entrepreneurs are playing to address this crisis and the operational frameworks needed to facilitate this work further.
10:30–11:00 a.m. – Coffee Break
10:30–11:00 a.m. – PANEL VI: EUROPE AND ITS OTHER (Organized with Carnegie Europe)
The large influx of refugees is placing European countries under considerable strain, posing a fundamental challenge to the very principle of the union of the Mediterranean advocated by the European Union prior to the crisis. Speakers will consider long term challenges posed by the refugee crisis including issues of identity and integration as well as more recent security based questions both in terms of homeland security and foreign policy.
Roderick Parkes, Senior Analyst, European Union, Institute for Security Studies Yves Bertoncini, Director, Jacques Delors Institute, France David Gardner, International Affairs Editor, Financial Times (TBC) Martin Huth, Ambassador of the Federal Republic of Germany, Lebanon
2:00-4:00 PANEL VI: GOVERNING THE CRISIS: RESPONSIBILITY TO PROTECT OR RESPONSIBILITY TO RESOLVE
Conflicts of the 21st century are no longer inter-state. Rather they are taking place between government forces and non-state actors. This changing nature of conflict has a significant impact not only on the millions caught in the line of fire, but also on the means with which to respond to these conflicts. It also poses considerable questions around the adequateness of current international protection systems and available mechanisms for the governance of the refugee crisis. Speakers in this panel will consider international and regional responsibility whilst protecting as well as the responsibility to resolve conflicts. They will also reflect on the challenges of protracted displacement, options for stabilization and peace-building processes and the possibility of rights that are not contingent on political membership.
Pierre Vimont, Former Secretary General, European External Action Services, Senior Associate, Carnegie Tarek Mitri, Former Minister of Culture, Director, Issam Fares Institute, American University of Beirut Sarah Cliffe, Director, Center for International Cooperation, NYU Hadeel Ibrahim, Director, MO Ibrahim Foundation Maha Yahya, Senior Associate, Carnegie
MODERATOR: MARWAN MUASHER, VP, CARNEGIE
Abdullah Al-Dardari is deputy executive secretary at the UN Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia, Lebanon.
Ibrahim Awad is director of the School of Global Affairs and Public Policy at the American University in Cairo.
Jihad Azour is Lebanon’s former minister of finance.
Elias Bou Saab
Elias Bou Saab is Lebanon’s minister of education and higher education.
Sarah Cliffe is director of New York University’s Center on International Cooperation.
Mireille Girard is the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees Lebanon representative.
Ziad Hayek is Lebanon’s secretary general of the Higher Council for Privatization.
Hadeel Ibrahim is founding executive director of the Mo Ibrahim Foundation in New York.
Husam Jeejo is member of the board of the Azidi Solidarity and Fraternity League in Iraq.
Sigrid Kaag is the United Nations special coordinator for Lebanon.
Shadi Karam is senior advisor to the president of the Lebanese Council of Ministers.
Loay Malahme is the co-founder and CEO of 3Dmena, and a founding partner of Refugee Open Ware.
Tarek Mitri is the director of the Issam Fares Institute for Public Policy and International Affairs in Lebanon.
Marwan Muasher is vice president for studies at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, and former foreign minister of Jordan.
Rabie Nasr is a co-founder and researcher at the Syrian Center for Policy Research in Damascus.
Şenay Özden is a cultural anthropologist and co-founder of “Hamisch,” a Syrian cultural house in Turkey.
Roderick Parkes is a senior analyst at the European Union’s Institute for Security Studies in France.
Omar Razzaz is chairman of King Abdullah II Fund for Development, chairman of the Ahli Bank in Jordan, and chairman of the Jordan Strategy Forum.
Sinan Ülgen is chairman of the Center for Economics and Foreign Policy Studies in Turkey, and a visiting scholar at Carnegie Europe.
Pierre Vimont is French Middle East envoy for peace, and a senior associate at Carnegie Europe.
Maha Yahya is a senior associate and acting director of the Carnegie Middle East Center.